Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the Ottoman Empire by Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or "Father of the Turks." After a period of one-party rule, multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community.
long form: Republic of Turkey
short form: Turkey
local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
local short form: Turkiye
Government Type: Republican Parliamentary Democracy
Independence: October 29, 1923 - successor to the Ottoman Empire
National Anthem: "Istiklal Marsi" - Independence March