General Canada Information
Rich with natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to Great Britain. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the United States, its neighbor to the south across a 8,893 km unfortified border. (2,477 km are in the west with Alaska)
Second-largest country in world (after Russia); located between Russia and US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population of Canada is concentrated within 160 km of the US border.
motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, plastics, fertilizers, wood pulp, timberaircraft, telecommunications equipment, chemicals, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
July 1, 1867 (union of British North American colonies); December 11, 1931 (recognized by UK per Statute of Westminster)
Canada Day, July 1 (1867)